Cytoplasmic Inter-Subunit Interface Controls Use-Dependence of Thermal Activation of TRPV3 Channel
Published on 08.20.2019 in International Journal of Molecular Science
Lucie Macikova, Lenka Vyklicka, Ivan Barvik, Alexander I. Sobolevsky, Viktorie Vlachova
The vanilloid transient receptor potential channel TRPV3 is a putative molecular thermosensor widely considered to be involved in cutaneous sensation, skin homeostasis, nociception, and pruritus. Repeated stimulation of TRPV3 by high temperatures above 50 °C progressively increases its responses and shifts the activation threshold to physiological temperatures. This use-dependence does not occur in the related heat-sensitive TRPV1 channel in which responses decrease, and the activation threshold is retained above 40 °C during activations. By combining structure-based mutagenesis, electrophysiology, and molecular modeling, we showed that chimeric replacement of the residues from the TRPV3 cytoplasmic inter-subunit interface (N251–E257) with the homologous residues of TRPV1 resulted in channels that, similarly to TRPV1, exhibited a lowered thermal threshold, were sensitized, and failed to close completely after intense stimulation. Crosslinking of this interface by the engineered disulfide bridge between substituted cysteines F259C and V385C (or, to a lesser extent, Y382C) locked the channel in an open state. On the other hand, mutation of a single residue within this region (E736) resulted in heat resistant channels. We propose that alterations in the cytoplasmic inter-subunit interface produce shifts in the channel gating equilibrium and that this domain is critical for the use-dependence of the heat sensitivity of TRPV3.
This work was done in collaboration with Dr. Vlachova group (Department of Cellular Neurophysiology, Institute of Physiology CAS, Prague, Czechia).